Investigation of Parching Kinetics and Superiority of Indian Red Chilli In Solar Hybrid Greenhouse Drying And Open Sun Drying

Investigation of Parching Kinetics and Superiority of Indian Red Chilli In Solar Hybrid Greenhouse Drying And Open Sun Drying



  • 2021

  • January-Feburary

  • Research

    Technical Paper Publishing Sites , Journals for Publication of Research Paper , Best Journal to Publish Research Paper , Research Paper Publication Sites , Best International Journal for Paper Publication , Best Journals to Publish Papers in India , Journal Publication Sites , Research Paper Publication Sites



    This work reports the efficient drying behavior of Indian
    red chilli dried in a controlled greenhouse dryer under solar radiation
    in tropical summer conditions. A comparative study has been carried
    out on drying kinetics and the quality of red chilli in a solar hybrid
    greenhouse dryer and open sun. The desirable moisture content (%)
    was achieved with a rapid drying rate in active drying (18.67 % in 9
    h) compared to passive drying (24.24 % in 12 h) and open sun
    (24.24 % in 24 h) drying conditions. Further, FTIR analysis identified
    the presence of functional groups (Capsaicinoids and
    dihydrocapsaicinoids) of red chilli dried in solar hybrid greenhouse
    Keywords : Solar Hybrid Greenhouse Dryer, Red chilli, Open Sun
    Drying, Drying Rate, Functional groups
    [1] Belessiotis, V. and Delyannis, E., 2011. Solar drying, Solar Energy 85; 1665–1691.
    [2] Mangaraj, S., Singh, A., Samuel, D.V.K. and Singhal, O.P., 2001. Comparative performance evaluation of different drying methods
    for chillies, Journal of Food Science and Technology 38 (3): 296–299.
    [3] Aravindh, M.A. and Sreekumar, A., 2015. Solar Drying - A Sustainable Way of Food Processing. Energy Sustainability
    through Green Energy. Green Energy and Technology. Springer India.
    [4] Janjai, S. and Bala, B.K., 2012. Solar drying technology. Food Engineering Reviews 4: 16–54.
    [5] Hossain, M.A. and Bala. B.K., 2007. Drying of hot chilli using solar tunnel drier. Solar Energy 81: 85-92.
    [6] Sangamithra, A., Gabriela John Swamy, SornaPrema, R., Priyavarshini, R., Chandrasekar. V. and Sasikala, S., 2014. An
    overview of a poly-house dryer. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 40: 902– 910.
    [7] Sadhna, A., Shelly Bharti and Sehgal, V. K., 2006. Convective Drying Kinetics of Red Chillies. Drying Technology 24:189–
    [8] Kaleemullah, S. and Kailappan, R., 2005. Drying kinetics of red chillies in a rotary dryer. Biology Engineering 92: 15-23.
    [9] Fudholi, A., Sopian, K., Yazdi, M., H., Hafidz, M., Gabbasa, M. and Kazem, H. A., 2014. Performance analysis of solar
    drying system for red chili. Solar Energy, 99: 47–54.
    [10] Chatchawal, N., Roongrojana, S., Sirichai, T. and Veerapol, M., 2017. Experimental Research of Drying Red Chili by Two
    Methods: Solar Drying and
    Low - Temperature System Drying. Energy Procedia 138: 512-517.
    [11] Kaewkiew, J., Nabnean, S. and Janjai, S., 2012. Experimental investigation of the performance of a large-scale greenhouse
    type solar dryer for drying chilli in Thailand. Procedia Engineering 32: 433-439.
    [12] Rabha, D.K., Muthu Kumar, P. and Somayaji, C., 2017. Experimental investigation of thin layer drying kinetics of
    ghost chilli pepper (Capsicum Chinense Jacq.) dried in a forced convection solar tunnel dryer. Renewable Energy 105: 583-589.
    [13] Biplab Paul and Singh, S.P., 2013. Design, Development and Performance Evaluation of Solar Dryer with Mirror Booster for
    Red Chilli (Capsicum Annum). International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology 5: 25-31.
    [14] Vega Galvez, Karina Di Scala, Katia Rodrigue, Roberto Lemus-Mondaca, Margarita Miranda, Jessica Lopez and Mario Perez
    Won. 2009. Effect of airdrying temperature on physico-chemical properties, antioxidant capacity, color and total phenolic content of red
    pepper (Capsicum annuum, L. var. Hungarian). Food Chemistry 117: 647-653.
    [15] Om Prakash and Anil Kumar. 2014. Solar greenhouse drying: A review. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 29: 905-


    Investigation of Parching Kinetics and Superiority of Indian Red Chilli In Solar Hybrid Greenhouse Drying And Open Sun Drying